source: Stock & Land 22/07/2008
Mustard plants are proving too hot to handle for some crop pests, and are providing an innovative bio-control for fruit and vegetable farmers. "Brassica plants naturally release compounds that suppress pests and pathogens, principally isothiocyanates (ITCs), which most people would recognise as the 'hot' flavour in mustard or horseradish," CSIRO's Dr John Kirkegaard said.
Although it is a centuries-old farming practice, its modern applications will be put under the microscope at the Third International Biofumigation Symposium in Canberra this week where .
Researchers, growers and industry specialists from 22 countries will share the latest research into the use of brassica species - such as mustard, radish, or rapeseed - to manage soil-borne pests and weeds.
"The technique is relevant to developed countries seeking alternatives to banned synthetic pesticides such as methyl-bromide, as well as poor farmers in developing countries who often have few alternatives for controlling serious diseases in their crops.
"It can provide economic and social benefits, as improved crop yields lead to increased incomes, as well as a range of environmental and health benefits from a reduced reliance on fumigants and pesticides."
Using brassicas to manage soil-borne pests is not new, but modern science is providing new insights and techniques to enhance the reliability of the effect as part of an integrated pest control strategy.
Brassicas can also provide other benefits to the soil as green manures.
Australian scientists are at the forefront of this area of research, in projects on tropical vegetable production systems in north Queensland and the Philippines, supported by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, and on temperate southern Australian vegetable production, supported by Horticulture Australia Limited.